Mycotoxin contamination is a significant food safety concern in the grain industry. Consumption of mycotoxin-contaminated commodities can lead to acute and chronic diseases in humans and animals.
There are six major types of mycotoxins, namely: Aflatoxin, Ochratoxin, Fumonisin, T-2/HT-2, DON (Vomitoxin), and Zearalenone. Major effects of mycotoxins in animals are immune-suppression, digestive, vascular, and kidney disorders, and reduced overall performance. Primary diseases caused by mycotoxins cannot be treated with antibiotics. Many countries have already established regulatory limits or guidelines for mycotoxins in agricultural commodities.