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Mycotoxin Testing

 

World's Trusted Mycotoxin Testing Systems

Mycotoxins are naturally occurring toxins produced by molds in grains while in the field or during storage. Typically triggered by extreme weather conditions, these toxins can cause severe adverse effects on people and livestock who consume them. In fact, there is a possibility for mycotoxin contamination of agricultural commodities throughout the food system – from farm, production, distribution, transport, and storage – that may lead to huge economic losses caused by lower productivity and high costs of control measures throughout all levels of the supply chain.

The following are the major groups of mycotoxins that are strictly regulated by the US FDA and EU legislative limits: aflatoxin, ochratoxin, T-2/HT-2 toxins, fumonisin, zearalenone, and vomitoxin (DON).

Source: http://www.mold-help.org/content/view/457/

Aflatoxin is one of the most potent natural carcinogens known to man and has been linked to a wide variety of human health problems. The US FDA and EU have established maximum allowable levels of total aflatoxin in food commodities at 20 ppb and 4 ppb, respectively. The maximum level for aflatoxin M1 in milk products is even lower at 0.5 ppb. Primarily, Aspergillus species produce aflatoxin.

Effects:

  • Aflatoxin B1 and naturally occurring mixtures of aflatoxin are identified as potent human carcinogens
  • May cause liver damage or cancer, decreased milk and egg production, immune suppression and interference with reproductive efficiency

Ochratoxin is primarily produced by species of Penicillium and Aspergillus. It is commonly found in coffee, barley, wheat, corn, and other commodities. Ochratoxin may be present in conjunction with aflatoxin. The European Union (EU) has set the limit for the presence of this mycotoxin in human food from 0.5 to 10 ppb depending on the commodity.

Effects:

  • Kidney damage or nephropathy
  • Reduction in growth and feed efficiency
  • Increased mortality

T-2 Toxin is a tricothecene produced by species of Fusarium and is one of the more deadly toxins. Its hydrolized form (HT-2) is proven to have the same effects.

Effects:

  • If ingested in sufficient quantity, T-2/HT-2 toxins can severely damage the entire gastrointestinal tract and cause rapid death due to internal hemorrhage. Visible lesions can be observed in the oral cavity of avian species.
  • T-2/HT-2 toxins have been implicated in the human diseases alimentary toxic aleukia and pulmonary hemosiderosis.
  • Damage caused by T-2/HT-2 toxins is often permanent.

Fumonisin is a toxin associated with species of Fusarium. It is commonly found in corn and corn-based products, as well as rice. US FDA and the European Union (EU) established an acceptable limit of 2 ppm for dry milled corn products.

Effects:

  • Linked to esophageal cancer in humans
  • Associated with pulmonary edema in pigs
  • Causes equine leukoencephalomalacia (liquefaction of the brain)

Zearalenone is also a mycotoxin produced by Fusarium sp. molds. Zearalenone is similar in chemical structure to the female sex hormone estrogen and targets the reproductive organs. The US FDA has regulatory levels for this mycotoxin at less than 500 ppb, while for the European Union (EU), a range between 20 and 200 ppb is accepted depending on the type of commodity.

Effects:

  • Causes estrogenic effects to pigs when ingested
  • Swollen vulvas, vaginal or rectal prolapses in pre-pubertal gilts
  • Enlarged uterus, swollen or twisted uterus, and shrunken ovaries in sows
  • In boars, testes atrophy, enlarged mammary glands, and decreased fertility

Deoxynivalenol (DON), also known as Vomitoxin, is a tricothecene produced by several species of Fusarium. The US FDA recommends that the maximum level for human consumption is at 1 ppm. For the European Union (EU), the regulatory level is between 0.20 and 1.25 ppm.

Effects:

  • DON has been associated with outbreaks of acute gastrointestinal illness in humans.
  • Reduction in feed consumption and weight gain are inversely proportional to concentration of DON.
  • High concentrations cause feed refusal and vomiting.
 
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Veratox®

Veratox® is a competitive direct ELISA kit that provides a quantitative analysis of target mycotoxin in numerous commodities like corn, soy, and peanuts. It is available for aflatoxin, ochratoxin, T-2/HT-2 toxins, fumonisin, zearalenone, and vomitoxin (DON), with a higher sensitivity (HS) variant for aflatoxin, vomitoxin (DON), ochratoxin, and fumonisin. It is used with Neogen® ELISA Reader - a standalone microstrip reader with built-in software designed for accurate and automatic reading of results.
Features & Benefits
  • Gold standard in mycotoxin testing
  • Cost-effective microwell format
  • Ideal for batch analysis
  • Fast, accurate, and easy-to-use
  • Broad range of validated and approved commodities
  • USDA GIPSA and AOAC-approved
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Veratox® Max

Veratox® Max is a quantitative microwell enzyme-linked immunoabsorbent assay (ELISA) test. Available for Total Aflatoxin and Zearalenone, this water-based extraction technology eliminates the need for hazardous solvents in sample extraction, and offers a safer solution for analysts and the environment.
Features & Benefits

  • Cost-effective microwell format
  • Fast, accurate, and easy-to-use
  • Simple water-based extraction for Total Aflatoxin and Zearalenone
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Reveal® Q+

Reveal® Q+ is a single step lateral flow immunochromatographic assay based on a competitive immunoassay format. It has a simple quantitative format that provides unparalleled results to detect all types of mycotoxins in just minutes in raw materials of food and feed manufacturers. It is used in conjunction with Raptor® Integrated Analysis Platform - a lateral flow test strip reader with built-in incubation.
Features & Benefits
  • Easy-to-use lateral flow format
  • Rapid and easy onsite testing
  • Fast time to result
  • Simple extraction
  • USDA GIPSA-approved
SD-Reveal-Q+-Max-Glenwood-Technologies-Food-Safety-Philippines-Feed-Safety

Reveal® Q+ MAX

The latest innovation in the mycotoxin test kits line, Reveal® Q+ MAX is a lateral flow immunochromatographic assay based on a competitive immunoassay format available for aflatoxin, ochratoxin, and vomitoxin (DON). The water-based extraction technology eliminates the need for hazardous solvents in sample extraction and offers a safer solution for analysts and the environment. It is used in conjunction with Raptor® Integrated Analysis Platform - a lateral flow test strip reader with built-in incubation.
Features & Benefits
  • Easy-to-use lateral flow format
  • Fast time to result
  • Simple water-based extraction for all mycotoxins
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Reveal®

Reveal® is a single-step lateral flow immunochromatographic assay based on a competitive immunoassay format intended for the visual screening of aflatoxin in corn, corn gluten meal, corn meal, corn/soy blend, cottonseed, cottonseed meal, hominy, milo, peanuts, popcorn, rice, soy meal, and wheat. It also detects aflatoxin M1 in milk.
Features & Benefits
  • Easy-to-use lateral flow format
  • No reader required
  • Rapid and accurate qualitative testing
  • USDA GIPSA-approved
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Agri-Screen®

Agri-Screen® is a competitive direct ELISA that provides a visible screening result against a known control of mycotoxin in various commodities. It is available for aflatoxin, vomitoxin (DON), and fumonisin.
Features & Benefits
  • Rapid and easy onsite testing
  • Screen at various levels
  • No reader required
  • Broad range of validated and approved commodities
  • USDA GIPSA-approved

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